[文章作者:张宴 本文版本:v6.3
最后修改:2010.07.26 转载请注明原文链接:金沙城中心赌场 ,]

前言:本文是我撰写的关于搭建“Nginx +
PHPFastCGI)”Web服务器的第6篇文章。本系列文章作为国内最早详细介绍 Nginx

  前言:本文是我撰写的关于搭建“Nginx +
PHP(FastCGI)”Web服务器的第6篇文章。本系列文章作为国内最早详细介绍
Nginx + PHP 安装、配置、使用的资料之一,为推动 Nginx
在国内的发展产生了积极的作用。本文可能不断更新小版本,请记住原文链接“
0.8.x新的平滑重启方式,将PHP升级到了5.2.14,修正了PEAR问题。另将MySQL
5.1.x升级到了5.5.x系列,配置文件变更较大。

  • PHP 安装、配置、使用的资料之一,为推动 Nginx
    在国内的发展产生了积极的作用。本文可能不断更新小版本,请记住原文链接“
    0.8.x新的平滑重启方式,将PHP升级到了5.2.14,修正了PEAR问题。另将MySQL
    5.1.x升级到了5.5.x系列,配置文件变更较大。

  链接:《2007年9月的第1版》、《2007年12月的第2版》、《2008年6月的第3版》、《2008年8月的第4版》、《2009年5月的第5版》

在高并发连接的情况下,Nginx是Apache服务器不错的替代品。Nginx同时也可以作为7层负载均衡服务器来使用。根据我的测试结果,Nginx
0.8.46 + PHP 5.2.14 (FastCGI)
可以承受3万以上的并发连接数,相当于同等环境下Apache的10倍。

  金沙城中心赌场 1

根据我的经验,4GB内存的服务器+Apacheprefork模式)一般只能处理3000个并发连接,因为它们将占用3GB以上的内存,还得为系统预留1GB的内存。我曾经就有两台Apache服务器,因为在配置文件中设置的MaxClients为4000,当Apache并发连接数达到3800时,导致服务器内存和Swap空间用满而崩溃。

  Nginx (“engine x”) 是一个高性能的 HTTP 和反向代理服务器,也是一个
IMAP/POP3/SMTP 代理服务器。 Nginx 是由 Igor Sysoev 为俄罗斯访问量第二的
Rambler.ru 站点开发的,它已经在该站点运行超过三年了。Igor
将源代码以类BSD许可证的形式发布。

而这台 Nginx 0.8.46 + PHP 5.2.14 (FastCGI)
服务器在3万并发连接下,开启的10个Nginx进程消耗150M内存15M*10=150M),开启的64个php-cgi进程消耗1280M内存20M*64=1280M),加上系统自身消耗的内存,总共消耗不到2GB内存。如果服务器内存较小,完全可以只开启25个php-cgi进程,这样php-cgi消耗的总内存数才500M。

  Nginx 超越 Apache
的高性能和稳定性,使得国内使用 Nginx 作为 Web
服务器的网站也越来越多,其中包括新浪博客、新浪播客、网易新闻、腾讯网、搜狐博客等门户网站频道,六间房、56.com等视频分享网站,Discuz!官方论坛、水木社区等知名论坛,盛大在线、金山逍遥网等网络游戏网站,豆瓣、人人网、YUPOO相册、金山爱词霸、迅雷在线等新兴Web
2.0网站。

在3万并发连接下,访问Nginx 0.8.46 + PHP 5.2.14 (FastCGI)
服务器的PHP程序,仍然速度飞快。下图为Nginx的状态监控页面,显示的活动连接数为28457关于Nginx的监控页配置,会在本文接下来所给出的Nginx配置文件中写明):


金沙城中心赌场 2

  Nginx 的官方中文维基:

我生产环境下的两台Nginx +
PHP5FastCGI)服务器,跑多个一般复杂的纯PHP动态程序,单台Nginx +
PHP5FastCGI)服务器跑PHP动态程序的处理能力已经超过“700次请求/秒”,相当于每天可以承受6000万700*60*60*24=60480000)的访问量更多信息见此),而服务器的系统负载也不高:


金沙城中心赌场 3

  在高并发连接的情况下,Nginx是Apache服务器不错的替代品。Nginx同时也可以作为7层负载均衡服务器来使用。根据我的测试结果,Nginx
0.8.46 + PHP 5.2.14 (FastCGI)
可以承受3万以上的并发连接数,相当于同等环境下Apache的10倍。

2009年9月3日下午2:30,金山游戏《剑侠情缘网络版叁》临时维护1小时
 

  根据我的经验,4GB内存的服务器+Apache(prefork模式)一般只能处理3000个并发连接,因为它们将占用3GB以上的内存,还得为系统预留1GB的内存。我曾经就有两台Apache服务器,因为在配置文件中设置的MaxClients为4000,当Apache并发连接数达到3800时,导致服务器内存和Swap空间用满而崩溃。

金沙城中心赌场 4

  而这台 Nginx 0.8.46 + PHP 5.2.14 (FastCGI)
服务器在3万并发连接下,开启的10个Nginx进程消耗150M内存(15M*10=150M),开启的64个php-cgi进程消耗1280M内存(20M*64=1280M),加上系统自身消耗的内存,总共消耗不到2GB内存。如果服务器内存较小,完全可以只开启25个php-cgi进程,这样php-cgi消耗的总内存数才500M。

下面是用100个并发连接分别去压生产环境中同一负载均衡器VIP下、提供相同服务的两台服务器,一台为Nginx,另一台为Apache,Nginx每秒处理的请求数是Apache的两倍多,Nginx服务器的系统负载、CPU使用率远低于Apache:

  在3万并发连接下,访问Nginx 0.8.46 + PHP 5.2.14 (FastCGI)
服务器的PHP程序,仍然速度飞快。下图为Nginx的状态监控页面,显示的活动连接数为28457(关于Nginx的监控页配置,会在本文接下来所给出的Nginx配置文件中写明):

你可以将连接数开到10000~30000,去压Nginx和Apache上的phpinfo.php,这是用浏览器访问Nginx上的phpinfo.php一切正常,而访问Apache服务器的phpinfo.php,则是该页无法显示。4G内存的服务器,即使再优化,Apache也很难在“webbench
-c 30000 -t 60

  金沙城中心赌场 5

webbench 下载地址:

  我生产环境下的两台Nginx +
PHP5(FastCGI)服务器,跑多个一般复杂的纯PHP动态程序,单台Nginx +
PHP5(FastCGI)服务器跑PHP动态程序的处理能力已经超过“700次请求/秒”,相当于每天可以承受6000万(700*60*60*24=60480000)的访问量(更多信息见此),而服务器的系统负载也不高:

注意:webbench
做压力测试时,该软件自身也会消耗CPU和内存资源,为了测试准确,请将
webbench 安装在别的服务器上。

  金沙城中心赌场 6

测试结果:##### Nginx + PHP #####
[[email protected]
webbench-1.5]# webbench -c 100 -t 30
Webbench – Simple Web Benchmark 1.5
Copyright (c) Radim Kolar 1997-2004, GPL Open Source Software.

  2009年9月3日下午2:30,金山游戏《剑侠情缘网络版叁》临时维护1小时(

Benchmarking: GET
100 clients, running 30 sec.

  金沙城中心赌场 7

Speed=102450 pages/min, 16490596 bytes/sec.
Requests: 51225 susceed, 0 failed.


top – 14:06:13 up 27 days,  2:25,  2 users,  load average: 14.57, 9.89,
6.51
Tasks: 287 total,   4 running, 283 sleeping,   0 stopped,   0 zombie
Cpu(s): 49.9% us,  6.7% sy,  0.0% ni, 41.4% id,  1.1% wa,  0.1% hi, 
0.8% si
Mem:   6230016k total,  2959468k used,  3270548k free,   635992k
buffers
Swap:  2031608k total,     3696k used,  2027912k free,  1231444k
cached

  下面是用100个并发连接分别去压生产环境中同一负载均衡器VIP下、提供相同服务的两台服务器,一台为Nginx,另一台为Apache,Nginx每秒处理的请求数是Apache的两倍多,Nginx服务器的系统负载、CPU使用率远低于Apache:

测试结果:#####  Apache + PHP #####
[[email protected]
webbench-1.5]# webbench -c 100 -t 30
Webbench – Simple Web Benchmark 1.5
Copyright (c) Radim Kolar 1997-2004, GPL Open Source Software.

  你可以将连接数开到10000~30000,去压Nginx和Apache上的phpinfo.php,这是用浏览器访问Nginx上的phpinfo.php一切正常,而访问Apache服务器的phpinfo.php,则是该页无法显示。4G内存的服务器,即使再优化,Apache也很难在“webbench
-c 30000 -t
60 

Benchmarking: GET
100 clients, running 30 sec.

  webbench 下载地址:

Speed=42184 pages/min, 31512914 bytes/sec.
Requests: 21092 susceed, 0 failed.

  注意:webbench
做压力测试时,该软件自身也会消耗CPU和内存资源,为了测试准确,请将
webbench 安装在别的服务器上。

top – 14:06:20 up 27 days,  2:13,  2 users,  load average: 62.15, 26.36,
13.42
Tasks: 318 total,   7 running, 310 sleeping,   0 stopped,   1 zombie
Cpu(s): 80.4% us, 10.6% sy,  0.0% ni,  7.9% id,  0.1% wa,  0.1% hi, 
0.9% si
Mem:   6230016k total,  3075948k used,  3154068k free,   379896k
buffers
Swap:  2031608k total,    12592k used,  2019016k free,  1117868k
cached

  测试结果:##### Nginx + PHP #####

为什么Nginx的性能要比Apache高得多?这得益于Nginx使用了最新的epollLinux
2.6内核)和kqueuefreebsd)网络I/O模型,而Apache则使用的是传统的select模型。目前Linux下能够承受高并发访问的Squid、Memcached都采用的是epoll网络I/O模型。

引用

处理大量的连接的读写,Apache所采用的select网络I/O模型非常低效。下面用一个比喻来解析Apache采用的select模型和Nginx采用的epoll模型进行之间的区别:

[root@localhost webbench-1.5]# webbench -c 100 -t
30 
Webbench – Simple Web Benchmark 1.5
Copyright (c) Radim Kolar 1997-2004, GPL Open Source Software.

假设你在大学读书,住的宿舍楼有很多间房间,你的朋友要来找你。select版宿管大妈就会带着你的朋友挨个房间去找,直到找到你为止。而epoll版宿管大妈会先记下每位同学的房间号,你的朋友来时,只需告诉你的朋友你住在哪个房间即可,不用亲自带着你的朋友满大楼找人。如果来了10000个人,都要找自己住这栋楼的同学时,select版和epoll版宿管大妈,谁的效率更高,不言自明。同理,在高并发服务器中,轮询I/O是最耗时间的操作之一,select和epoll的性能谁的性能更高,同样十分明了。

Benchmarking: GET 
100 clients, running 30 sec.

安装步骤:
系统要求:Linux 2.6+ 内核,本文中的Linux操作系统为CentOS 5.3,另在RedHat
AS4上也安装成功)

Speed=102450 pages/min, 16490596 bytes/sec.
Requests: 51225 susceed, 0 failed.

一、获取相关开源程序:
1、适用CentOS操作系统】利用CentOS
Linux系统自带的yum命令安装、升级所需的程序库RedHat等其他Linux发行版可从安装光盘中找到这些程序库的RPM包,进行安装):
sudo -s
LANG=C
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng
libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib
zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses
ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel
libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel
nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers

top – 14:06:13 up 27 days,  2:25,  2 users,  load average: 14.57, 9.89,
6.51
Tasks: 287 total,   4 running, 283 sleeping,   0 stopped,   0 zombie
Cpu(s): 49.9% us,  6.7% sy,  0.0% ni, 41.4% id,  1.1% wa,  0.1%
hi,  0.8% si
Mem:   6230016k total,  2959468k used,  3270548k free,   635992k
buffers
Swap:  2031608k total,     3696k used,  2027912k free,  1231444k cached

2、适用RedHat操作系统】RedHat等其他Linux发行版可从安装光盘中找到这些程序库的RPM包事先可通过类似“rpm
-qa | grep
libjpeg”的命令查看所需的RPM包是否存在,通常是“xxx-devel”不存在,需要安装)。RedHat可以直接利用CentOS的RPM包安装,以下是RPM包下载网址:
①、RedHat AS4 & CentOS 4

  测试结果:#####  Apache + PHP #####

②、RedHat AS5 & CentOS 5

引用

③、RPM包搜索网站

[root@localhost webbench-1.5]# webbench -c 100 -t
30 
Webbench – Simple Web Benchmark 1.5
Copyright (c) Radim Kolar 1997-2004, GPL Open Source Software.

④、RedHat AS4 系统环境,通常情况下缺少的支持包安装:
Ⅰ、i386 系统
wget

rpm -ivh libjpeg-devel-6b-33.i386.rpm
wget

rpm -ivh freetype-devel-2.1.9-1.i386.rpm
wget

rpm -ivh libpng-devel-1.2.7-1.i386.rpm

Benchmarking: GET 
100 clients, running 30 sec.

Ⅱ、x86_64 系统
wget

rpm -ivh libjpeg-devel-6b-33.x86_64.rpm
wget

rpm -ivh freetype-devel-2.1.9-1.x86_64.rpm
wget

rpm -ivh libpng-devel-1.2.7-1.x86_64.rpm

Speed=42184 pages/min, 31512914 bytes/sec.
Requests: 21092 susceed, 0 failed.

3、适用CentOS、RedHat及其它Linux操作系统】下载程序源码包:
本文中提到的所有开源软件为截止到2010年07月26日的最新稳定版。
①、从软件的官方网站下载:
mkdir -p /data0/software
cd /data0/software
wget
wget
wget
wget

wget
wget
“”
wget
“”
wget
wget
“”
wget
ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.10.tar.gz
wget

wget
wget

wget

top – 14:06:20 up 27 days,  2:13,  2 users,  load average: 62.15, 26.36,
13.42
Tasks: 318 total,   7 running, 310 sleeping,   0 stopped,   1 zombie
Cpu(s): 80.4% us, 10.6% sy,  0.0% ni,  7.9% id,  0.1% wa,  0.1%
hi,  0.9% si
Mem:   6230016k total,  3075948k used,  3154068k free,   379896k
buffers
Swap:  2031608k total,    12592k used,  2019016k free,  1117868k cached

②、从blog.s135.com下载比较稳定,只允许在本站,或者在Linux/Unix下通过Wget、Curl等命令下载以下软件):
mkdir -p /data0/software
cd /data0/software
wget

wget
wget

wget

wget

wget

wget

wget

wget

wget
wget

wget

wget

wget


二、安装PHP 5.2.14FastCGI模式)
1、编译安装PHP 5.2.14所需的支持库:
tar zxvf libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.13.1/
./configure –prefix=/usr/local
make
make install
cd ../

  为什么Nginx的性能要比Apache高得多?这得益于Nginx使用了最新的epoll(Linux
2.6内核)和kqueue(freebsd)网络I/O模型,而Apache则使用的是传统的select模型。目前Linux下能够承受高并发访问的Squid、Memcached都采用的是epoll网络I/O模型。

tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure
make
make install
/sbin/ldconfig
cd libltdl/
./configure –enable-ltdl-install
make
make install
cd ../../

  处理大量的连接的读写,Apache所采用的select网络I/O模型非常低效。下面用一个比喻来解析Apache采用的select模型和Nginx采用的epoll模型进行之间的区别:

tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
cd mhash-0.9.9.9/
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

  假设你在大学读书,住的宿舍楼有很多间房间,你的朋友要来找你。select版宿管大妈就会带着你的朋友挨个房间去找,直到找到你为止。而epoll版宿管大妈会先记下每位同学的房间号,你的朋友来时,只需告诉你的朋友你住在哪个房间即可,不用亲自带着你的朋友满大楼找人。如果来了10000个人,都要找自己住这栋楼的同学时,select版和epoll版宿管大妈,谁的效率更高,不言自明。同理,在高并发服务器中,轮询I/O是最耗时间的操作之一,select和epoll的性能谁的性能更高,同样十分明了。

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1
ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config


tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
cd mcrypt-2.6.8/
/sbin/ldconfig
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

  安装步骤:
  (系统要求:Linux 2.6+ 内核,本文中的Linux操作系统为CentOS
5.3,另在RedHat AS4上也安装成功)

2、编译安装MySQL 5.5.3-m3
/usr/sbin/groupadd mysql
/usr/sbin/useradd -g mysql mysql
tar zxvf mysql-5.5.3-m3.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.5.3-m3/
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/webserver/mysql/ –enable-assembler
–with-extra-charsets=complex –enable-thread-safe-client
–with-big-tables –with-readline –with-ssl –with-embedded-server
–enable-local-infile –with-plugins=partition,innobase,myisammrg
make && make install
chmod +w /usr/local/webserver/mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/webserver/mysql
cd ../

  一、获取相关开源程序:
  1、【适用CentOS操作系统】利用CentOS
Linux系统自带的yum命令安装、升级所需的程序库(RedHat等其他Linux发行版可从安装光盘中找到这些程序库的RPM包,进行安装):

附:以下为附加步骤,如果你想在这台服务器上运行MySQL数据库,则执行以下几步。如果你只是希望让PHP支持MySQL扩展库,能够连接其他服务器上的MySQL数据库,那么,以下两步无需执行。

sudo -s
LANG=C
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng
libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib
zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses
ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel
libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel
nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers

①、创建MySQL数据库存放目录
mkdir -p /data0/mysql/3306/data/
mkdir -p /data0/mysql/3306/binlog/
mkdir -p /data0/mysql/3306/relaylog/
chown -R mysql:mysql /data0/mysql/

  2、【适用RedHat操作系统】RedHat等其他Linux发行版可从安装光盘中找到这些程序库的RPM包(事先可通过类似“rpm
-qa | grep
libjpeg”的命令查看所需的RPM包是否存在,通常是“xxx-devel”不存在,需要安装)。RedHat可以直接利用CentOS的RPM包安装,以下是RPM包下载网址:
  ①、RedHat AS4 & CentOS 4
  
  

②、以mysql用户帐号的身份建立数据表:
/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db
–basedir=/usr/local/webserver/mysql –datadir=/data0/mysql/3306/data
–user=mysql

  ②、RedHat AS5 & CentOS 5
  
  

③、创建my.cnf配置文件:
vi /data0/mysql/3306/my.cnf

  ③、RPM包搜索网站
  
  

输入以下内容:
[client]
character-set-server = utf8
port    = 3306
socket  = /tmp/mysql.sock

  ④、RedHat AS4 系统环境,通常情况下缺少的支持包安装:
  Ⅰ、i386 系统

[mysqld]
character-set-server = utf8
replicate-ignore-db = mysql
replicate-ignore-db = test
replicate-ignore-db = information_schema
user    = mysql
port    = 3306
socket  = /tmp/mysql.sock
basedir = /usr/local/webserver/mysql
datadir = /data0/mysql/3306/data
log-error = /data0/mysql/3306/mysql_error.log
pid-file = /data0/mysql/3306/mysql.pid
open_files_limit    = 10240
back_log = 600
max_connections = 5000
max_connect_errors = 6000
table_cache = 614
external-locking = FALSE
max_allowed_packet = 32M
sort_buffer_size = 1M
join_buffer_size = 1M
thread_cache_size = 300
#thread_concurrency = 8
query_cache_size = 512M
query_cache_limit = 2M
query_cache_min_res_unit = 2k
default-storage-engine = MyISAM
thread_stack = 192K
transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED
tmp_table_size = 246M
max_heap_table_size = 246M
long_query_time = 3
log-slave-updates
log-bin = /data0/mysql/3306/binlog/binlog
binlog_cache_size = 4M
binlog_format = MIXED
max_binlog_cache_size = 8M
max_binlog_size = 1G
relay-log-index = /data0/mysql/3306/relaylog/relaylog
relay-log-info-file = /data0/mysql/3306/relaylog/relaylog
relay-log = /data0/mysql/3306/relaylog/relaylog
expire_logs_days = 30
key_buffer_size = 256M
read_buffer_size = 1M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 64M
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 128M
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
myisam_repair_threads = 1
myisam_recover

wget 
rpm -ivh libjpeg-devel-6b-33.i386.rpm
wget 
rpm -ivh freetype-devel-2.1.9-1.i386.rpm
wget 
rpm -ivh libpng-devel-1.2.7-1.i386.rpm

interactive_timeout = 120
wait_timeout = 120

  Ⅱ、x86_64 系统

skip-name-resolve
#master-connect-retry = 10
slave-skip-errors = 1032,1062,126,1114,1146,1048,1396

wget 
rpm -ivh libjpeg-devel-6b-33.x86_64.rpm
wget 
rpm -ivh freetype-devel-2.1.9-1.x86_64.rpm
wget 
rpm -ivh libpng-devel-1.2.7-1.x86_64.rpm

#master-host     =   192.168.1.2
#master-user     =   username
#master-password =   password
#master-port     =  3306

  3、【适用CentOS、RedHat及其它Linux操作系统】下载程序源码包:
  本文中提到的所有开源软件为截止到2010年07月26日的最新稳定版。
  ①、从软件的官方网站下载:

server-id = 1

mkdir -p /data0/software
cd /data0/software
wget 
wget 
wget 
wget 
wget 
wget
“”
wget
“”
wget 
wget
“”
wget ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.10.tar.gz
wget 
wget 
wget 
wget 

innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 16M
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 512M
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:256M:autoextend
innodb_file_io_threads = 4
innodb_thread_concurrency = 8
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 16M
innodb_log_file_size = 128M
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120
innodb_file_per_table = 0

  ②、从blog.s135.com下载(比较稳定,只允许在本站,或者在Linux/Unix下通过Wget、Curl等命令下载以下软件):

#log-slow-queries = /data0/mysql/3306/slow.log
#long_query_time = 10

mkdir -p /data0/software
cd /data0/software
wget 
wget 
wget 
wget 
wget 
wget 
wget 
wget 
wget 
wget 
wget 
wget 
wget 
wget 

[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 32M


④、创建管理MySQL数据库的shell脚本:
vi /data0/mysql/3306/mysql

  二、安装PHP 5.2.14(FastCGI模式)
  1、编译安装PHP 5.2.14所需的支持库:

输入以下内容这里的用户名admin和密码12345678接下来的步骤会创建):
#!/bin/sh

tar zxvf libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.13.1/
./configure –prefix=/usr/local
make
make install
cd ../

mysql_port=3306
mysql_username=”admin”
mysql_password=”12345678″

tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz 
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure
make
make install
/sbin/ldconfig
cd libltdl/
./configure –enable-ltdl-install
make
make install
cd ../../

function_start_mysql()
{
    printf “Starting MySQL…\n”
    /bin/sh /usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe
–defaults-file=/data0/mysql/${mysql_port}/my.cnf 2>&1 >
/dev/null &
}

tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
cd mhash-0.9.9.9/
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

function_stop_mysql()
{
    printf “Stoping MySQL…\n”
    /usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u ${mysql_username}
-p${mysql_password} -S /tmp/mysql.sock shutdown
}

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1
ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config

function_restart_mysql()
{
    printf “Restarting MySQL…\n”
    function_stop_mysql
    sleep 5
    function_start_mysql
}

tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
cd mcrypt-2.6.8/
/sbin/ldconfig
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

function_kill_mysql()
{
    kill -9 $(ps -ef | grep ‘bin/mysqld_safe’ | grep
${mysql_port} | awk ‘{printf $2}’)
    kill -9 $(ps -ef | grep ‘libexec/mysqld’ | grep
${mysql_port} | awk ‘{printf $2}’)
}


if [ “$1” = “start” ]; then
    function_start_mysql
elif [ “$1” = “stop” ]; then
    function_stop_mysql
elif [ “$1” = “restart” ]; then
function_restart_mysql
elif [ “$1” = “kill” ]; then
function_kill_mysql
else
    printf “Usage: /data0/mysql/${mysql_port}/mysql
{start|stop|restart|kill}\n”
fi

  2、编译安装MySQL 5.5.3-m3

⑤、赋予shell脚本可执行权限:
chmod +x /data0/mysql/3306/mysql

/usr/sbin/groupadd mysql
/usr/sbin/useradd -g mysql mysql
tar zxvf mysql-5.5.3-m3.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.5.3-m3/
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/webserver/mysql/ –enable-assembler
–with-extra-charsets=complex –enable-thread-safe-client
–with-big-tables –with-readline –with-ssl –with-embedded-server
–enable-local-infile –with-plugins=partition,innobase,myisammrg
make && make install
chmod +w /usr/local/webserver/mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/webserver/mysql
cd ../

⑥、启动MySQL:
/data0/mysql/3306/mysql start


⑦、通过命令行登录管理MySQL服务器提示输入密码时直接回车):
/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p -S /tmp/mysql.sock

  附:以下为附加步骤,如果你想在这台服务器上运行MySQL数据库,则执行以下几步。如果你只是希望让PHP支持MySQL扩展库,能够连接其他服务器上的MySQL数据库,那么,以下两步无需执行。

⑧、输入以下SQL语句,创建一个具有root权限的用户admin)和密码12345678):
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO ‘admin’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY
‘12345678’;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO ‘admin’@’127.0.0.1’ IDENTIFIED BY
‘12345678’;

  ①、创建MySQL数据库存放目录

⑨、可选)停止MySQL:
/data0/mysql/3306/mysql stop

mkdir -p /data0/mysql/3306/data/
mkdir -p /data0/mysql/3306/binlog/
mkdir -p /data0/mysql/3306/relaylog/
chown -R mysql:mysql /data0/mysql/

3、编译安装PHPFastCGI模式)
tar zxvf php-5.2.14.tar.gz
gzip -cd php-5.2.14-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.14 -p1
cd php-5.2.14/
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/webserver/php
–with-config-file-path=/usr/local/webserver/php/etc
–with-mysql=/usr/local/webserver/mysql
–with-mysqli=/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysql_config
–with-iconv-dir=/usr/local –with-freetype-dir –with-jpeg-dir
–with-png-dir –with-zlib –with-libxml-dir=/usr –enable-xml
–disable-rpath –enable-discard-path –enable-safe-mode –enable-bcmath
–enable-shmop –enable-sysvsem –enable-inline-optimization –with-curl
–with-curlwrappers –enable-mbregex –enable-fastcgi –enable-fpm
–enable-force-cgi-redirect –enable-mbstring –with-mcrypt –with-gd
–enable-gd-native-ttf –with-openssl –with-mhash –enable-pcntl
–enable-sockets –with-ldap –with-ldap-sasl –with-xmlrpc –enable-zip
–enable-soap
make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS=’-liconv’
make install
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini
cd ../

  ②、以mysql用户帐号的身份建立数据表:

4、编译安装PHP5扩展模块
tar zxvf memcache-2.2.5.tgz
cd memcache-2.2.5/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../

/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db
–basedir=/usr/local/webserver/mysql –datadir=/data0/mysql/3306/data
–user=mysql

tar jxvf eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2
cd eaccelerator-0.9.6.1/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure –enable-eaccelerator=shared
–with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../

  ③、创建my.cnf配置文件:

tar zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
–with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/webserver/mysql
make
make install
cd ../

vi /data0/mysql/3306/my.cnf

tar zxvf ImageMagick.tar.gz
cd ImageMagick-6.5.1-2/
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

  输入以下内容:

tar zxvf imagick-2.3.0.tgz
cd imagick-2.3.0/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../

引用

5、修改php.ini文件
手工修改:查找/usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini中的extension_dir =
“./”
修改为extension_dir =
“/usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/”
并在此行后增加以下几行,然后保存:
extension = “memcache.so”
extension = “pdo_mysql.so”
extension = “imagick.so”

[client]
character-set-server = utf8
port    = 3306
socket  = /tmp/mysql.sock

再查找output_buffering = Off
修改为output_buffering = On

[mysqld]
character-set-server = utf8
replicate-ignore-db = mysql
replicate-ignore-db = test
replicate-ignore-db = information_schema
user    = mysql
port    = 3306
socket  = /tmp/mysql.sock
basedir = /usr/local/webserver/mysql
datadir = /data0/mysql/3306/data
log-error = /data0/mysql/3306/mysql_error.log
pid-file = /data0/mysql/3306/mysql.pid
open_files_limit    = 10240
back_log = 600
max_connections = 5000
max_connect_errors = 6000
table_cache = 614
external-locking = FALSE
max_allowed_packet = 32M
sort_buffer_size = 1M
join_buffer_size = 1M
thread_cache_size = 300
#thread_concurrency = 8
query_cache_size = 512M
query_cache_limit = 2M
query_cache_min_res_unit = 2k
default-storage-engine = MyISAM
thread_stack = 192K
transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED
tmp_table_size = 246M
max_heap_table_size = 246M
long_query_time = 3
log-slave-updates
log-bin = /data0/mysql/3306/binlog/binlog
binlog_cache_size = 4M
binlog_format = MIXED
max_binlog_cache_size = 8M
max_binlog_size = 1G
relay-log-index = /data0/mysql/3306/relaylog/relaylog
relay-log-info-file = /data0/mysql/3306/relaylog/relaylog
relay-log = /data0/mysql/3306/relaylog/relaylog
expire_logs_days = 30
key_buffer_size = 256M
read_buffer_size = 1M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 64M
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 128M
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
myisam_repair_threads = 1
myisam_recover

再查找; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0
修改为cgi.fix_pathinfo=0,防止Nginx文件类型错误解析漏洞。
自动修改:若嫌手工修改麻烦,可执行以下shell命令,自动完成对php.ini文件的修改:
sed -i ‘s#extension_dir = “./”#extension_dir =
“/usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/”\nextension
= “memcache.so”\nextension = “pdo_mysql.so”\nextension =
“imagick.so”\n#’ /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i ‘s#output_buffering = Off#output_buffering = On#’
/usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i “s#; always_populate_raw_post_data =
On#always_populate_raw_post_data = On#g”
/usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i “s#; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0#cgi.fix_pathinfo=0#g”
/usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini

interactive_timeout = 120
wait_timeout = 120

6、配置eAccelerator加速PHP:
mkdir -p /usr/local/webserver/eaccelerator_cache
vi /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini

skip-name-resolve
#master-connect-retry = 10
slave-skip-errors = 1032,1062,126,1114,1146,1048,1396

按shift+g键跳到配置文件的最末尾,加上以下配置信息:
[eaccelerator]
zend_extension=”/usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/eaccelerator.so”
eaccelerator.shm_size=”64″
eaccelerator.cache_dir=”/usr/local/webserver/eaccelerator_cache”
eaccelerator.enable=”1″
eaccelerator.optimizer=”1″
eaccelerator.check_mtime=”1″
eaccelerator.debug=”0″
eaccelerator.filter=””
eaccelerator.shm_max=”0″
eaccelerator.shm_ttl=”3600″
eaccelerator.shm_prune_period=”3600″
eaccelerator.shm_only=”0″
eaccelerator.compress=”1″
eaccelerator.compress_level=”9″

#master-host     =   192.168.1.2
#master-user     =   username
#master-password =   password
#master-port     =  3306

7、创建www用户和组,以及供blog.s135.com和www.s135.com两个虚拟主机使用的目录:
/usr/sbin/groupadd www
/usr/sbin/useradd -g www www
mkdir -p /data0/htdocs/blog
chmod +w /data0/htdocs/blog
chown -R www:www /data0/htdocs/blog
mkdir -p /data0/htdocs/www
chmod +w /data0/htdocs/www
chown -R www:www /data0/htdocs/www

server-id = 1

8、创建php-fpm配置文件php-fpm是为PHP打的一个FastCGI管理补丁,可以平滑变更php.ini配置而无需重启php-cgi):
在/usr/local/webserver/php/etc/目录中创建php-fpm.conf文件:
rm -f /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
vi /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 16M
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 512M
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:256M:autoextend
innodb_file_io_threads = 4
innodb_thread_concurrency = 8
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 16M
innodb_log_file_size = 128M
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120
innodb_file_per_table = 0

输入以下内容如果您安装 Nginx + PHP 用于程序调试,请将以下的<value
name=”display_errors”>0</value>改为<value
name=”display_errors”>1</value>,以便显示PHP错误信息,否则,Nginx
会报状态为500的空白错误页):
<?xml version=”1.0″ ?>
<configuration>

#log-slow-queries = /data0/mysql/3306/slow.log
#long_query_time = 10

  All relative paths in this config are relative to php’s install
prefix

[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 32M

  <section name=”global_options”>

  ④、创建管理MySQL数据库的shell脚本:

    Pid file
    <value
name=”pid_file”>/usr/local/webserver/php/logs/php-fpm.pid</value>

vi /data0/mysql/3306/mysql

    Error log file
    <value
name=”error_log”>/usr/local/webserver/php/logs/php-fpm.log</value>

  输入以下内容(这里的用户名admin和密码12345678接下来的步骤会创建):

    Log level
    <value name=”log_level”>notice</value>

#!/bin/sh

    When this amount of php processes exited with SIGSEGV or SIGBUS

    <value name=”emergency_restart_threshold”>10</value>

mysql_port=3306
mysql_username=”admin”
mysql_password=”12345678″

    … in a less than this interval of time, a graceful restart will be
initiated.
    Useful to work around accidental curruptions in accelerator’s shared
memory.
    <value name=”emergency_restart_interval”>1m</value>

function_start_mysql()
{
    printf “Starting MySQL…\n”
    /bin/sh /usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe
–defaults-file=/data0/mysql/${mysql_port}/my.cnf 2>&1 >
/dev/null &
}

    Time limit on waiting child’s reaction on signals from master
    <value name=”process_control_timeout”>5s</value>

function_stop_mysql()
{
    printf “Stoping MySQL…\n”
    /usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u ${mysql_username}
-p${mysql_password} -S /tmp/mysql.sock shutdown
}

    Set to ‘no’ to debug fpm
    <value name=”daemonize”>yes</value>

function_restart_mysql()
{
    printf “Restarting MySQL…\n”
    function_stop_mysql
    sleep 5
    function_start_mysql
}

  </section>

function_kill_mysql()
{
    kill -9 $(ps -ef | grep ‘bin/mysqld_safe’ | grep
${mysql_port} | awk ‘{printf $2}’)
    kill -9 $(ps -ef | grep ‘libexec/mysqld’ | grep
${mysql_port} | awk ‘{printf $2}’)
}

  <workers>

if [ “$1” = “start” ]; then
    function_start_mysql
elif [ “$1” = “stop” ]; then
    function_stop_mysql
elif [ “$1” = “restart” ]; then
function_restart_mysql
elif [ “$1” = “kill” ]; then
function_kill_mysql
else
    printf “Usage: /data0/mysql/${mysql_port}/mysql
{start|stop|restart|kill}\n”
fi

    <section name=”pool”>

  ⑤、赋予shell脚本可执行权限:

      Name of pool. Used in logs and stats.
      <value name=”name”>default</value>

chmod +x /data0/mysql/3306/mysql

      Address to accept fastcgi requests on.
      Valid syntax is ‘ip.ad.re.ss:port’ or just ‘port’ or
‘/path/to/unix/socket’
      <value name=”listen_address”>127.0.0.1:9000</value>

  ⑥、启动MySQL:

      <value name=”listen_options”>

/data0/mysql/3306/mysql start

        Set listen(2) backlog
        <value name=”backlog”>-1</value>

  ⑦、通过命令行登录管理MySQL服务器(提示输入密码时直接回车):

        Set permissions for unix socket, if one used.
        In Linux read/write permissions must be set in order to allow
connections from web server.
        Many BSD-derrived systems allow connections regardless of
permissions.
        <value name=”owner”></value>
        <value name=”group”></value>
        <value name=”mode”>0666</value>
      </value>

/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p -S /tmp/mysql.sock

      Additional php.ini defines, specific to this pool of workers.
      <value name=”php_defines”>
        <value name=”sendmail_path”>/usr/sbin/sendmail -t
-i</value>
        <value name=”display_errors”>0</value>
      </value>

  ⑧、输入以下SQL语句,创建一个具有root权限的用户(admin)和密码(12345678):

      Unix user of processes
      <value name=”user”>www</value>

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO ‘admin’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY
‘12345678’;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO ‘admin’@’127.0.0.1’ IDENTIFIED BY
‘12345678’;

      Unix group of processes
      <value name=”group”>www</value>

  ⑨、(可选)停止MySQL:

      Process manager settings
      <value name=”pm”>

/data0/mysql/3306/mysql stop

        Sets style of controling worker process count.
        Valid values are ‘static’ and ‘apache-like’
        <value name=”style”>static</value>


        Sets the limit on the number of simultaneous requests that will
be served.
        Equivalent to Apache MaxClients directive.
        Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment in original
php.fcgi
        Used with any pm_style.
        <value name=”max_children”>128</value>

  3、编译安装PHP(FastCGI模式)

        Settings group for ‘apache-like’ pm style
        <value name=”apache_like”>

tar zxvf php-5.2.14.tar.gz
gzip -cd php-5.2.14-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.14 -p1
cd php-5.2.14/
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/webserver/php
–with-config-file-path=/usr/local/webserver/php/etc
–with-mysql=/usr/local/webserver/mysql
–with-mysqli=/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysql_config
–with-iconv-dir=/usr/local –with-freetype-dir –with-jpeg-dir
–with-png-dir –with-zlib –with-libxml-dir=/usr –enable-xml
–disable-rpath –enable-discard-path –enable-safe-mode –enable-bcmath
–enable-shmop –enable-sysvsem –enable-inline-optimization –with-curl
–with-curlwrappers –enable-mbregex –enable-fastcgi –enable-fpm
–enable-force-cgi-redirect –enable-mbstring –with-mcrypt –with-gd
–enable-gd-native-ttf –with-openssl –with-mhash –enable-pcntl
–enable-sockets –with-ldap –with-ldap-sasl –with-xmlrpc –enable-zip
–enable-soap
make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS=’-liconv’
make install
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini
cd ../

          Sets the number of server processes created on startup.
          Used only when ‘apache-like’ pm_style is selected
          <value name=”StartServers”>20</value>


          Sets the desired minimum number of idle server processes.
          Used only when ‘apache-like’ pm_style is selected
          <value name=”MinSpareServers”>5</value>

  4、编译安装PHP5扩展模块

          Sets the desired maximum number of idle server processes.
          Used only when ‘apache-like’ pm_style is selected
          <value name=”MaxSpareServers”>35</value>

tar zxvf memcache-2.2.5.tgz
cd memcache-2.2.5/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../

        </value>

tar jxvf eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2
cd eaccelerator-0.9.6.1/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure –enable-eaccelerator=shared
–with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../

      </value>

tar zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
–with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/webserver/mysql
make
make install
cd ../

      The timeout (in seconds) for serving a single request after which
the worker process will be terminated
      Should be used when ‘max_execution_time’ ini option does not
stop script execution for some reason
      ‘0s’ means ‘off’
      <value name=”request_terminate_timeout”>0s</value>

tar zxvf ImageMagick.tar.gz
cd ImageMagick-6.5.1-2/
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

      The timeout (in seconds) for serving of single request after which
a php backtrace will be dumped to slow.log file
      ‘0s’ means ‘off’
      <value name=”request_slowlog_timeout”>0s</value>

tar zxvf imagick-2.3.0.tgz
cd imagick-2.3.0/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../

      The log file for slow requests
      <value name=”slowlog”>logs/slow.log</value>

  5、修改php.ini文件
  手工修改:查找/usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini中的extension_dir
= “./”
  修改为extension_dir =
“/usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/”
  并在此行后增加以下几行,然后保存:
  extension = “memcache.so”
  extension = “pdo_mysql.so”
  extension = “imagick.so”

      Set open file desc rlimit
      <value name=”rlimit_files”>65535</value>

  再查找output_buffering = Off
  修改为output_buffering = On

      Set max core size rlimit
      <value name=”rlimit_core”>0</value>

  再查找; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0
  修改为cgi.fix_pathinfo=0,防止Nginx文件类型错误解析漏洞。

      Chroot to this directory at the start, absolute path
      <value name=”chroot”></value>

  自动修改:若嫌手工修改麻烦,可执行以下shell命令,自动完成对php.ini文件的修改:

      Chdir to this directory at the start, absolute path
      <value name=”chdir”></value>

sed -i ‘s#extension_dir = “./”#extension_dir =
“/usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/”\nextension
= “memcache.so”\nextension = “pdo_mysql.so”\nextension =
“imagick.so”\n#’ /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i ‘s#output_buffering = Off#output_buffering = On#’
/usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i “s#; always_populate_raw_post_data =
On#always_populate_raw_post_data = On#g”
/usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i “s#; cgi.fix_pathinfo=0#cgi.fix_pathinfo=0#g”
/usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini

      Redirect workers’ stdout and stderr into main error log.
      If not set, they will be redirected to /dev/null, according to
FastCGI specs
      <value name=”catch_workers_output”>yes</value>

  6、配置eAccelerator加速PHP:

      How much requests each process should execute before respawn.
      Useful to work around memory leaks in 3rd party libraries.
      For endless request processing please specify 0
      Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS
      <value name=”max_requests”>1024</value>

mkdir -p /usr/local/webserver/eaccelerator_cache
vi /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini

      Comma separated list of ipv4 addresses of FastCGI clients that
allowed to connect.
      Equivalent to FCGI_WEB_SERVER_ADDRS environment in original
php.fcgi (5.2.2+)
      Makes sense only with AF_INET listening socket.
      <value name=”allowed_clients”>127.0.0.1</value>

  按shift+g键跳到配置文件的最末尾,加上以下配置信息:

      Pass environment variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH
      All $VARIABLEs are taken from current environment
      <value name=”environment”>
        <value name=”HOSTNAME”>$HOSTNAME</value>
        <value
name=”PATH”>/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin</value>
        <value name=”TMP”>/tmp</value>
        <value name=”TMPDIR”>/tmp</value>
        <value name=”TEMP”>/tmp</value>
        <value name=”OSTYPE”>$OSTYPE</value>
        <value name=”MACHTYPE”>$MACHTYPE</value>
        <value name=”MALLOC_CHECK_”>2</value>
      </value>

引用

    </section>

[eaccelerator]
zend_extension=”/usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/eaccelerator.so”
eaccelerator.shm_size=”64″
eaccelerator.cache_dir=”/usr/local/webserver/eaccelerator_cache”
eaccelerator.enable=”1″
eaccelerator.optimizer=”1″
eaccelerator.check_mtime=”1″
eaccelerator.debug=”0″
eaccelerator.filter=””
eaccelerator.shm_max=”0″
eaccelerator.shm_ttl=”3600″
eaccelerator.shm_prune_period=”3600″
eaccelerator.shm_only=”0″
eaccelerator.compress=”1″
eaccelerator.compress_level=”9″

  </workers>


</configuration>
9、启动php-cgi进程,监听127.0.0.1的9000端口,进程数为128如果服务器内存小于3GB,可以只开启64个进程),用户为www:
ulimit -SHn 65535
/usr/local/webserver/php/sbin/php-fpm start

  7、创建www用户和组,以及供blog.s135.com和www.s135.com两个虚拟主机使用的目录:

注:/usr/local/webserver/php/sbin/php-fpm还有其他参数,包括:start|stop|quit|restart|reload|logrotate,修改php.ini后不重启php-cgi,重新加载配置文件使用reload。

/usr/sbin/groupadd www
/usr/sbin/useradd -g www www
mkdir -p /data0/htdocs/blog
chmod +w /data0/htdocs/blog
chown -R www:www /data0/htdocs/blog
mkdir -p /data0/htdocs/www
chmod +w /data0/htdocs/www
chown -R www:www /data0/htdocs/www

三、安装Nginx 0.8.46
1、安装Nginx所需的pcre库:
tar zxvf pcre-8.10.tar.gz
cd pcre-8.10/
./configure
make && make install
cd ../

  8、创建php-fpm配置文件(php-fpm是为PHP打的一个FastCGI管理补丁,可以平滑变更php.ini配置而无需重启php-cgi):
  在/usr/local/webserver/php/etc/目录中创建php-fpm.conf文件:

2、安装Nginx
tar zxvf nginx-0.8.46.tar.gz
cd nginx-0.8.46/
./configure –user=www –group=www –prefix=/usr/local/webserver/nginx
–with-http_stub_status_module –with-http_ssl_module
make && make install
cd ../

rm -f /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
vi /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

3、创建Nginx日志目录
mkdir -p /data1/logs
chmod +w /data1/logs
chown -R www:www /data1/logs

  输入以下内容(如果您安装 Nginx + PHP
用于程序调试,请将以下的<value
name=”display_errors”>0</value>改为<value
name=”display_errors”>1</value>,以便显示PHP错误信息,否则,Nginx
会报状态为500的空白错误页):

4、创建Nginx配置文件
①、在/usr/local/webserver/nginx/conf/目录中创建nginx.conf文件:
rm -f /usr/local/webserver/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
vi /usr/local/webserver/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

<?xml version=”1.0″ ?>
<configuration>

输入以下内容:
user  www www;
worker_processes 8;
error_log  /data1/logs/nginx_error.log  crit;
pid        /usr/local/webserver/nginx/nginx.pid;
#Specifies the value for maximum file descriptors that can be opened by
this process.
worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;

  All relative paths in this config are relative to php’s install
prefix

events
{
  use epoll;
  worker_connections 65535;
}

  <section name=”global_options”>

http
{
  include       mime.types;
  default_type  application/octet-stream;

    Pid file
    <value
name=”pid_file”>/usr/local/webserver/php/logs/php-fpm.pid</value>

  #charset  gb2312;
     
  server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
  client_header_buffer_size 32k;
  large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
  client_max_body_size 8m;
     
  sendfile on;
  tcp_nopush     on;

    Error log file
    <value
name=”error_log”>/usr/local/webserver/php/logs/php-fpm.log</value>

  keepalive_timeout 60;

    Log level
    <value name=”log_level”>notice</value>

  tcp_nodelay on;

    When this amount of php processes exited with SIGSEGV or SIGBUS

    <value name=”emergency_restart_threshold”>10</value>

  fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
  fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
  fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
  fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
  fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
  fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
  fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;

    … in a less than this interval of time, a graceful restart will be
initiated.
    Useful to work around accidental curruptions in accelerator’s shared
memory.
    <value name=”emergency_restart_interval”>1m</value>

  gzip on;
  gzip_min_length  1k;
  gzip_buffers     4 16k;
  gzip_http_version 1.0;
  gzip_comp_level 2;
  gzip_types       text/plain application/x-javascript text/css
application/xml;
  gzip_vary on;

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